TEHRAN – Some 182 forest reserves with an space of 410,000 hectares have been recognized and registered throughout the nation over the previous [Iranian calendar] yr (March 2020-March 2021), in response to a current report by the Forests, Rangelands, and Watershed Administration Group.
Forest reserves are small biosphere reserves through which distinctive, uncommon, or endangered species dwell. These areas even have bushes and shrubs of excessive genetic worth.
Accordingly, probably the most fascinating method to protect these species is to guard them of their pure habitats. Subsequently, the administration of forest reserves with the method of identification, delimitation, and preparation of conservation plans is among the many necessary measures that must be on the agenda.
The Forest Group has reported that from 1993 to 2020, a complete of 347 forest reserves with an space of over 409,000 hectares have been registered, however final yr 182 forest reserves with an space of 410,000 hectares have been recognized, which has grown by 107 p.c.
Iran’s biosphere reserves
Iran is an unlimited nation with a variety of biodiversity and pure sources, with 13 biosphere reserves named Golestan, Miankaleh, Arasbaran, Urmia, Arjan and Parishan, Geno, Hara, Hamoon, Dena, Tange Sayad, Sabzkooh, Turan, Kavir and Kopet Dagh has been registered within the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program, he defined.
Biosphere reserves embody terrestrial, marine, and coastal ecosystems. Every website promotes options reconciling the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. There are at present 714 biosphere reserves in 129 international locations, together with 21 transboundary websites.
The Golestan Biosphere Reserve is situated within the north of Iran and varieties a part of the Caucaso-Iranian highlands, located between the sub-humid and semi-arid Caspian areas. All kinds of habitats and wealthy biodiversity may be discovered within the reserve, together with 150 hen species, 54 species of reptiles and amphibians, 8 species of giant carnivores such because the leopard and brown bear, and greater than 1,366 plant species.
Dena Biosphere Reserve is situated within the Central Zagros Mountains of Iran, with a common slope of greater than 60 p.c. Dena can be house to an unlimited vary of plant species and a number of other endangered and endemic mammal species. Oak species dominate the highlands, whereas pistachio and almond are widespread at decrease elevations.
Iran house to over 31,000 animal species
In accordance with the most recent research, about 1,300 species of vertebrates, together with mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and aquatic fish, about 30,000 species of invertebrates, and eight,000 species of crops have been recognized within the nation.
To protect the prevailing biodiversity over the huge geographic expanse of Iran, 4 forms of areas have been designated for preservation and safety, together with, nationwide parks, wildlife refuges, protected areas, and pure nationwide monuments. In 1997, the DOE held supervision over 7,563,983 hectares of such areas. The supervised areas at present reached 18.5 million hectares.